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Immigration to Canada > General Requirements > Medical Examinations

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All applicants, their family members and dependant children who are not already Canadian citizens or permanent residents must undergo and pass a medical examination before their application can be submitted for admission to the country.
This also applies to dependants outside Canada even if they do not intend to join the applicant.

In considering whether an applicant is medically admissible to Canada, the following legal test is applied:  ”. . . a foreign national is inadmissible on health grounds if an assessment of their health condition has been made by an officer . . . and the officer concluded that the foreign national’s health condition is likely to be a danger to public health or public safety or might reasonably be expected to cause excessive demand.”

The term ”excessive demand” is defined in the Regulations as:

  • A demand on health services or social services for which the anticipated costs would likely exceed average Canadian per capita health services and social services costs over a period of five consecutive years immediately following the most recent medical examination required by these Regulations, unless there is evidence that significant costs are likely to be incurred beyond that period, in which case the period is no more than 10 consecutive years; or
  •  A demand on health services or social services that would add to existing waiting lists and would increase the rate of mortality and morbidity in Canada as a result of the denial or delay in the provision of those services to Canadian citizens or permanent residents.


Applicants, dependant children and family members must be examined by a Designated Medical Practitioner” [DMP].  A DMP can be found in most countries.
Medical refusals may be appealed in certain circumstances. If you believe that your application for admission may be refused on medical grounds, please contact us.

Further reading

Application refused?  – Federal Court & IRB hearings – Federal Court


Six month extension no solution for dying nanny – Guidy Mamann Column, June 16th, 2008

SWF with cancer seeks partner  - Guidy Mamann Column, October 9, 2007

CIC skirts court medical ruling – Guidy Mamann Column,  September 10th, 2007